The Pathogenic process
A disorder takes a long time to manifest. For example, you don’t just wake up one day with arthritis or diabetes. If you do receive a diagnosis, it’s because the disorder has been progressing over a long period of time, often decades. Examination of disease is in stages of cause/etiology, preliminary signs and symptoms , actual sign & symptoms, exploratory therapy and Pathogensis.
Ayurveda defines disease as occurring when the Dosha (vata, pitta, or kapha) enters a particular bodily tissue. According to Ayurveda, there are seven bodily tissues: plasma, blood, muscle, fat, bone, nerve, and reproductive tissues. When a dosha enters one of these tissues, due to a weakness in that particular tissue (often from trauma or genetic predisposition), the dosha begins to affect the physical structure of the tissue and cause disease, i.e. qualities of an increased dosha conquer the qualities of a person's sense organs. Disease literally is translated as "disturbed ease". When a person is at ease with the present moment, this is a state of health, when that ease is disturbed it is called "disease". Ayurveda teaches the three main cause of disease are; crime against wisdom or intellectual blasphemy, unwholesome use of senses with their objects and seasonal perversions.
Ayurveda describes six distinct stages in the development of a disease. Unfortunately, western medicine often doesn’t recognize the early symptoms of the this process. How many of us have felt “off” in some way and gone to our doctor, only to have him tell us that everything is perfectly normal? Fortunately, Ayurveda can offer us some answers where western medicine falls short. If we can learn to recognize the warning signs, we stand a much better chance of reversing the progression of disease before it begins to damage our body’s tissues. The prognosis of disease comes under: Easy to Cure, Difficult to cure and Incurable /Prognosis uncertain . Prognosis depends on the number of doshas, dhatus, channels and organs involved, the age and strength of the person. However, as long as there is life in a person and the person wishes to live, Ayurveda treats that person regardless.
The manifestation of a disease is the stage where western medicine will give a patient a clinical diagnosis. The doshas begin to break down the actual structure of the tissues. For example, in the case of vata entering the bone tissue, it could result in osteoarthritis. After the structure of the tissues has begin to deteriorate, it is much more difficult to reverse the progression of disease.
The good news is that the progression process takes many years. And if we bring the aggravated dosha back into balance earlier, we stand a good chance of reversing the process and restoring our health.