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Chlamydia (Sexual Transmitted Disease)

Chlamydia is a STI (sexual transmitted disease )caused by a specific strain of bacteria known as chlamydia trachomatis which can damage female reproductive system 

CHLAMYDIA(SEXUAL TRANSMITTED DISEASE)​

  • Chlamydia is more common in women than men

  •  In women infection occur between ages 15 and 24.

  • In some cases of women the infection can spread to the fallopian tubes and this cause a pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

 

TRANSMISSION:

  • It is transmitted through vaginal discharge or semen and also transmitted through genital contact or oral vaginal and anal sex without protection 

  • Touching genitals together 

  • Having a sexual partner who is having sex with other people

  • Not using condoms 

  • Having a history of CHLAMYDIA or other infection 

SYMPTOMS OF CHLAMYDIA:

In men – 

  • Painful ejaculation

  • Penile discharge 

  • Testicular swelling 

  • Yellow or green discharge from the penis

  • Pain in the lower abdomen

  • Pain in the testicles

  • Inflammation or infection in the eye

  • Sore throat

In women –

  • Painful intercourse 

  • Vaginal discharge 

  • Bleeding between periods

  • Burning sensation while urinating

  • Abnormal discharge from the vagina

  • Pain in the lower abdomen

  • Inflammation of the cervix 

  • Pus in your urine 

  • Increased need to pee

  • Itching or burning in and around your vagina.

 Chlamydia infection in the anus main symptoms are: 

  • Discharge

  • Pain

  • Bleeding from this area

CAUSES OF CHLAMYDIA :

  • A partner who has an STD

  • Men who have sex with men

  • Unprotected sex

COMPLICATIONS OF CHLAMYDIA:

Females complications of infertility untreated chlamydia:

  • PID infection that damage the uterus, cervix, and ovaries

  • Infertility 

  • During pregnancy, the infection can pass to babies during birth, which can cause eye infections and pneumonia in newborns.

Male complications of untreated chlamydia:

  • The infection can also spread to the prostate gland, causing a fever, painful intercourse, and discomfort in the lower back

  • Epididymis

RISKS FACTORS OF CHLAMYDIA:

  • Cervicitis — painful inflammation of the cervix that leads to vaginal discharge, bleeding and abdominal pain.

  • Urethritis — painful inflammation of the urethra that can cause pain during sex, discharge from the urethral opening or vagina, and in men, blood in semen or urine.

  • Proctitis — an inflammation of the lining of the rectum or anus.

  • Spreading the infection to others

  • Infecting other parts of the body, including the eyes, throat, and anus

  • Infertility

  • PID

  • Ectopic pregnancy

  • Higher risk of other STD (sexual transmitted disease)

  • Prostate infection

  • Infecting fetus during pregnancy

DIAGNOSIS OF CHLAMYDIA:

  • Using a urine sample or swab.

PREVENTION OF CHLAMYDIA:

  • Use barrier methods. Use condom or other barrier method to decrease the risk of infection.

  • Communicate with your sexual partners.  Openly discussing sti prevention and using barrier methods every time have sex.

  • Avoid sharing sex toys wash thoroughly between each use and cover with a condom.

  • Get tested regularly for STI with new partners.

  • Avoid having oral sex

  • Use protection during oral sex

IN AYURVEDA:

AAHAR (diet recommendations)

  • Use of nutritious food is advised. Eggs, poultry, fresh fruits, nuts, cereals and vegetables should be eaten.

  • light and nutritious diet

  • sweet and sour foods

  • avoid Indigestion, excess salt, alcohol & astringent materials 

VIHAR (lifestyle changes)

  • Follow (dincharya). This includes appropriate sleep and waking patterns, good quality and time for sleep, sexual activities, exercises 

  • Take adequate rest

  • Do not sleep very late at night

  • Stress, excessive exercise, unprotected and excessive sex, and suppression of urges (vegavidharan) must be avoided.