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Endometriosis is a disease in which the endometrial tissue which lines the uterus is present outside the uterus. The tissue usually grows in the ovaries, fallopian tubes, tissue lining the pelvis. It is a painful condition. During menstrual cycle, the endometrium in other areas grow thick, then break and bleed. But only the endometrium shed through the uterus exits the body, other sloughed off endometrium remains in the body.

Due to endometriosis, the cysts that are formed in the ovaries are called endometriomas. The surrounding tissue gets inflamed thus leading to formation of adhesions and pelvic infections. Blockage of fallopian tubes can also occur.

During menstruation, there occurs increased bleeding and pain. It also causes fertility problems.


The factors which are responsible for the occurrence of endometriosis are:

  • Increased estrogen levels in blood

  • Transformation of peritoneal cells into endometrial cells

  • After surgery such as hysterectomy or C-section

  • Transportation of endometrial cells to other parts of the body via blood vessels or lymphatic vessels

  • Weak immune system

  • Increased alcohol and caffeine consumption


There are some factors which makes a person at more risk o developing endometriosis:

  • Having menarche at an early age

  • Short menstrual cycles

  • Bleeding for more than seven days

  • Low body weight

  • Having family history of endometriosis

  • Female reproductive tract disorders

  • Any autoimmune disease

  • Ovarian cancer

  • Breast cancer


The common signs and symptoms of endometriosis are:

  • Abdominal cramps during periods

  • Pain during sexual intercourse

  • Heavy bleeding

  • Lower back pain

  • Diarrhea or constipation

  • Feeling tired

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Bloating

  • Urinary problems

  • Infertility


The complications which are associated with endometriosis are:

  • Infertility

  • Cancer

  • Anxiety

  • Depression


The doctor will ask the patient about the symptoms. He will look into the location of pain and its type. He will do a pelvic examination of the patient. He may suggest some of the tests such as:

  • Ultrasound

  • Laproscopy 

  • MRI

  • CT scan

  • Biopsy 

Due to change in the lifestyle and dietary pattern due to modernization has given a wide path to many Genealogical problems.

Nowadays, Uterine fibroids is becoming a main concern in Reproductive stage of life.

FIBROIDS are the Non-cancerous growths seen in uterine muscles that develops during childbearing years in women’s life.  It is a compact mass made up of dense fibrous tissue & smooth muscles that is found in uterus.

Other Names- Uterine Fibroids, myomas, and leiomyomas.

The cause of fibroids isn’t well understood. there are several Risk factors which includes  family history of the fibroids, obesity or early onset of puberty as described below.

Some symptoms includes heavy menstrual bleeding or prolonged periods also the pelvic pain. In some cases, there are no symptoms.

Treatments includes medication and removal of the fibroid.

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